Greater Earth Manifesto
for a New Humanistic vision of the World
3,Rev. 2 - 30 may 1998 [updated: 28.05.2003 to change some email addresses]
Humanism is based on a scientific view of the
Universe, and naturally arrives to a system-oriented,
order the time could exist, the matter had to exist,
then the shape, the change and, finally, the
intelligent life, to appreciate the evolution, and to
perpetuate it over its appearent natural (planetary)
it is now feasible for Life on Earth to leave its
home planet and to propagate in the cosmos and, as
humanity has evolved in such a way to make that
possible, the overriding argument may be: Does
humanity have the moral right "not" to
assist the spread of Life beyond Earth?"
wherever a keen eye, quick wits, and a strong right
arm can take Him!"...
we are; to the stars we shall return."
a concept expressed by Carl Sagan)....
future will be either A Space Age or a Stone
all investments into the future, the conquest of
space demands the
greatest efforts and the longest-term commitment -
but it also offers the greatest reward: none less
than a universe."
lifespan of a liberal technological civilization is
inversely proportional to the cost of access to
makes sense, without the People."...
- PHILOSOPHICAL AND CULTURAL
- ETHICS OF THE NEW
- SPACE DEVELOPMENT
- GREATER EARTH INITIATIVE
people gave contributes to the Greater Earth Manifesto:
Adriano Autino - President
of Frontier (Italy)
Bernasconi - MCB Consultants (Switzerland)
Christlein - German Representative of Space Age
Martin-Smith - President of Space Age
Associates (United Kingdom)
Arthur Woods - President
of the OURS Foundation (Switzerland)
Ashworth - Vice-President of Space Age
Associates (United Kingdom).
1.PHILOSOPHICAL AND CULTURAL CONCEPTS
PC.100 - Purpose
advocate and defend humanity's expansion into space as
the most ethical task of the immediate future, as an
enterprise both natural and urgently necessary to enable
the continuity of (terrestrial) life and (modern)
civilization confronted with the apparent limits of their
PC.200 - Definition: Greater Earth
- By the
term 'Greater Earth', we mean a spherical region of
space, centered on the Earth, where the gravitational
influence of our home planet dominates the motions of any
object. This region has a radius of approximately 1.5
Millions km, thus extending up to the L1 Lagrange point,
marking the border of Greater Earth. We regard this
region as the truer extension of Earth.
PC.300 - Life's imperative and human Right
acknowledge that Life strives to penetrate, occupy and
utilize all locales within its reach to further its
survival and expansion. We defend the right, for
Humanity, to accede to a greater ecological niche.
PC.400 - Range of action
assert the high ethical value, for the Human Kind, to
expand its activities, for its procreation and survival,
in the entire Solar System, and in all the territory in
the range of its cultural, technological and
PC.500 - Defense of our cultural history
andfuture and humanity survival
defend Humanity and its further development as a cultural
and sentient species, against any against any restrictive
programmes. We are dedicated to the survival and
continuation of the development of Humanity in all
PC.600 - Recognition of directed evolution
recognize that the human species, above all terrestrial
species, has demonstrated its success by exerting
conscious control and direction of its own evolution, and
by becoming able to actively avoid extinction.
PC.700 - Human resources
are resources, not problems. A real problem is
bureaucracy, since it is not able to involve and to turn
into account the human patrimony.
PC.800 - The Open World
the obsolete and dangerous paradigm of the Closed World
(or "Spaceship Earth", according to the Club of
Rome definition), we affirm the concept of an Open World,
with new horizons of development for all humanity and all
PC.900 - Urgency to Implement the Space Option
recognize the urgent need to find new ways to accommodate
and to integrate the growing human population into viable
ecological and economical systems.
PC.1000 - Right to Develop the human
reject any concept that places limits (even involuntary)
on the rights of human beings to develop their innate
PC.1100 - Cultural Openness declaration
- We are
for cultural Openess, without discrimination based on
skin colour, gender, religion, or creed, except where
these are themselves anti-Human! We apply the concept of
Open World in all aspects of human activities and
PC.1200 - The culture of modern man
- We trust
in the Human Scientific and Technological Culture, as
tools that can take the Humanity over the present crisis
of growth. We point out the error of relying on the
Nature as the presumed repairer of human errors. We
support and promote the scientific method, everywhere, at
PC.1300 - The Cosmic Destiny
propose a Cosmic Destiny for the Human Species.
Unconscious life expands to occupy all available niches:
yet, it's unable to escape extinctions imposed by the
natural cycles of the parent planet. Only Intelligent
Life can now prevail, thanks to technology, taking beyond
the blue planet its civilization and its culture,
gardening the otherwise empty and barren spaces.
PC.1400 - Towards an evolutionary ethics
consider Humanity master of its home planet and of the
Solar System, as the only self-conscious species and the
only one with means to exercise its responsibility over
the rest of Nature.
PC.1500 - Space scale of issues
perceive the present ecological issues as being soluble
only on a human and cosmic scale, not on a natural and
PC.1600 - Human thought
praise Human Thought as the maximum expression of Life on
this planet and declared its varied creativity of supreme
essence. We defend all achievements of Human Thought be
they cultural, scientific, moral, technological, or
PC.1700 - Scientific Studies
- We are
for the analytical study of Nature, in order to
understand its functioning and to copy its mechanisms in
order to perpetuate the conditions of a life sustaining
environment for our species.
PC.1800 - Possible Development or New Growth
promote the New Growth concept, based on a quantitative
and ethical analysis of the character of finiteness of
the Earth compared to the Universe, and we reject the
anti-libertarian, empty and hopeless plan of
2.ETHICS OF THE NEW HUMANISM..
HE.100 - Committment
first duty and committment is toward the human people.
HE.200 - Definition of New Humanism
- We call
ourselves New-Humanists, because we add, to the classical
Humanism, a new vision, determined by the specificity and
extreme criticality of our epoch.
HE.300 - Definition of Astronautical Humanism
- Since we
believe that the above duty can be completed only taking
the Road to Space, we also call ourselves Astronautical
HE.400 - Dynamic vision
humanistic vision is not due to an old fashioned
anthropocentric ethic. We see the history and evolution
of the life as dynamic processes. Our analysis brings us
to state that Humanity must take care of itself,
expecially in this critical phase. This historical
passage sees us humans at our maximum success and maximum
risk of failing the next evolutionary step that, for
first time, is strictly dependant on our intelligence.
HE.500 - Survival of Civilization
engagement is not only to help the survival of Humankind
(as an animal species), but to help the continuation of
the growth of human culture and civilization. We consider
the human developing culture and civilization as the
highest essence of our nature. When we speak about
Survival of the Humankind, we mean cultural continuation
and growth, because the survival of Man as an unconscious
animal would be a nonsense.
HE.600 - A concret concept of Humanity
reject any abstract concept of humanity. When we speak
about Humanity we mean the ensemble of the alive human
beings, with their charge of hopes and desperations.
HE.700 - Responsibility toward environment
andother forms of life
humans at the first place, and rejecting any mythization
of Nature, we take care of the environment, as it is
indispensable for the human survival. And we accept the
responsibility toward the other terrestrial forms of life
as a duty of our intelligence.
HE.800 - Human growth faced to limitedresources
Growth cannot continue on this planet beyond a certain
limit, since the resources of our Mother Planet are not
HE.900 - The danger of a closed environment
- Even if
our science cannot yet say precisely what the above limit
is, we are dramatically aware of the danger represented
by uncontrolled human growth in a closed environment.
Lack of resources, and several environmental problems,
are warning Humanity to provide solutions urgently.
HE.1000 - The danger of a declining, evenolder,
- While we
are aware of the danger represented by too large a
population, we also point out the danger, for Humanity,
represented by a possible declining society, as a result
of the politics of demographic inversion, as proposed,
with surprising superficiality, at the conferences held
at Rio de Janeiro, Cairo, and Kyoto.
HE.1100 - Factors of Human Development
observe that the largest numerical growth of Humanity
took place in this last century (from less then one
billion to six billions), and that this process has
accompanied our unprecedented technological and cultural
HE.1200 - The social node of the present age
present age is possibly the most critical that Humanity
has ever had to face. We have an enormous patrimony --
six billion intelligences -- but this patrimony could
quickly become our ruin, if we fail to turn it into
account for projects of real development.
HE.1300 - No growth without growth
- We also
observe that the human economy and progress have positive
developments while the growth (of markets, technology and
HE.1400 - The importance of the
proclaim that the human population in toto represents
Earth's greatest resource, and is the ultimate source of
its creativity, dynamism, and hope.
HE.1500 - Importance of a growing trend
general terms, a growing trend is very important, for
different factors, namely: to have fresh and increasing
intelligences, to keep the spirit of human enterprise
high, to keep the economy growing. The above factors are
all very important, for a Humanity taking the high road
HE.1600 - The extraterrestrial imperative
- In order
to continue its growth, Humanity must provide long term
solutions. Among such solutions, to decide the
development of Space is a sine qua non condition,
a real imperative, without which all
the other solutions will give no positive results.
HE.1700 - Increasing standard of living is
theonly acceptable birth_control
- It was
also observed that, when living standards increase, and
women attain higher social positions, the birth rate
decreases naturally. We think that an increased standard
of living for all humanity is the best birth_control, and
we trust that a new space economy can greatly help this
HE.1800 - The need of a new hope for Humanity
remark that in the anthropologic behaviour of the
advanced societies are also present some negative
factors: fear of the future, unwillingness to bring
babies into this imperfect world, personal fears and a
personal sense of guilt for consuming too many resources.
These factors bring the most sensitive personalities to
exclude themselves from the continuation of the species.
We believe that the advent of the Greater Earth will
bring hope, and especially confidence in the future, for
our babies, to advanced and developing societies alike.
HE.1900 - The need of a positive,
- We are
for a politics of controlled growth, able to keep the
growth positive, and not in collision with the available
resources and environment. At the same time we declare
that we are, and will be, against any coercion (be it
physical or psychological) of the human right to
procreate and to continue the individual genetic lines of
each human being.
HE.2000 - The need of a larger home forhumanity
- And we
clearly indicate, as a priority, the building of new
life-sustain environment for the growing Humanity. If the
family increases, the solution is not eliminate some of
its members, but to involve them all in building a larger
HE.2100 - Our sustainability
- In the
next century, the number of human beings should be
controlled within limits sustainable, beyond the
ecosystem of Earth alone! Our concept of sustainability
encompasses the space, territory, energy and resources
contained in the Greater Earth!
HE.2200 - Handling the human biologic
naturewith cultural sensibility
assert the human right to use the non-human forms of life
(animal and vegetable) for feeding, survival and
development of the scientific knowledge. At the same time
we are against any form of avoidable cruelty against the
animal and vegetable forms of life.
HE.2300 - Behaviour toward other life forms
assert that the human dominion on the rest of the nature
in our range of action must be gentle and respectful to
all forms of Life.
HE.2400 - Specifical attention for
possibleextraterrestrial forms of life
the terrestrial science has reached a certain capability
to classify the animal species on our planet, the
analytic behaviour is to be multiplied several times when
we will approach extraterrestrial environments, because
non-terrestrial life could present itself in very
HE.2500 - The need of new
- We are
aware that, expanding in extraterrestrial environments,
Man will reconfigure the territory to support terrestrial
life. We consider this step unavoidable for our survival
and cultural continuation, as well as the continued use
of animal and vegetable forms of life for our feeding.
HE.2600 - Extraterrestrial forms of life
all possible new discovered non intelligent forms of life
we shall observe the following ethical behaviour: (i)
assure our survival, isolating us from possible dangers
(ii) be gentle as much as possible, (iii) analyse their
biology (iv) try to understand if they can be useful in
some way for our survival.
HE.2700 - To insert the astronautical
humanismin the social life
general terms, we say that no human being should be left
alone, without the help of his fellows. The astronautical
humanists will do their best to link to social real life
structures and instances, in order to build together the
thought and the language of the new humanism.
HE.2800 - Interdisciplinary contamination
scientific discipline should be left alone, without the
help of the other diciplines of the human knowledge. We
stand for a much more integrated approach to the subject
of Science Ethics: we are for an horizontal, global,
interdisciplinary cross-fertilization of all the
scientific research project teams.
HE.2900 - Science and humanistic disciplines:
awall to break
scientific community needs the help of the humanists.
Humanists, as well as social structures, need the help of
the scientific community. All co-operations and cross
fertilizations between these communities are highly
SD.100 - Scope and Purpose
our new-humanistic vision of a Greater Earth, our main
purpose is to nurture and expand human activities beyond
Earth's athmosphere, in order to harness the resources
there available. This is our clear political choice and
commitment, against any future conflict for the control
of the decreasing terrestrial resources.
SD.200 - Available Resources
identify those resources contained or transient within
the gravitational sphere of Greater Earth as natural
resources belonging to Humanity, and thus subject to
utilization for its benefit. This includes the energy
passing through this sphere as well as the physical
resources of the Moon and various asteroids.
SD.300 - Strategic Target
Humanity is strategically interested in the expansion of
human activities into Greater Earth and beyond and in the
acquisition and use of the available resources to fight
its impoverishment, its disenfranchisement and
oppression, the degradation of the Biosphere and the
destruction of terrestrial life forms.
SD.400 - Urgency
recognize the urgency of exploring, acquiring and
utilizing the resources within Greater Earth for the
survival of all terrestrial Life. Furthermore, a failure
to utilize the natural territory of Greater Earth will
result in the eventual decline and destruction of the
present human civilization.
SD.500 - Plans
envision the following strategic goals:
Power Systems on the Moon and/or in Orbit (see MMS
short paper on this topic);
industrial and scientific settlements on the Moon
and artificial orbiting platforms;
Small Ecosystems research settlements on the Moon
and/or in Orbit;
and lunar defenses against potential impacts by
other celestial bodies;
Medical Research Centers and hospital complex;
Shielded Astronomical Observatory compound at
appropriate loaction (e.g. SE-L2).
SD.600 - Astrobiology
emphasize the importance of the Astrobiological aspects
of space research into the development of new ecosystems,
to sustain Life within the boundaries of Greater Earth
and to spread Life beyond its borders.
SD.700 - Point of Liberation
indicate that the radius of Greater Earth is delimited by
the "Point of Liberation", for the spread of
Life originating on Earth throughout the Cosmos.
SD.800 - Significance of Astronautics
assert the importance of related space developments as
they interface with all other aspects of human endeavors
within Greater Earth.
EC.100 - Promotion of the Greater Earth's Economy
believe that all means are to be used, private and
governmental, to develop a new economy based on the
occupation and exploitation of Greater Earth. All the
means that encourage and give rise to human creativity,
association, and reaching forward to occupy this new
territory should be promoted.
maintain that developing the environment of Greater Earth
will not only enhance prosperity and well being of its
occupants but will also promote the survival of the
EC.300 - Specificity of the Greater Earth Economy
believe that the economic aspects of the Greater Earth
development are quite different from anything before.
EC.400 - Historical vision of the Economy
believe that real wealth is not measured in monetary
terms but in human progress and potential human work.
Humanity has never had such great wealth before in its
EC.500 - Social aspects of Economy
deals with inflation and depression, not only with Return
of Investment: the opening of a New Horizon will generate
enthusiasm and push the economy.
EC.600 - The Space Economy as trailer of
theWorld Wide Economy
emergence of a space-based economy and culture will
rejuvenate the terrestrial economy over the years, giving
birth to a commonewealth far greater than mere monetary
PL.100 - Ideological openness
beliefs are liberal, democratic, libertarian and
antiauthoritarian. We act in the interest of all
PL.200 - Evolutionary social behaviour
- We aim
for a new spirit of cooperation among all Humans as
brothers and sisters.
PL.300 - Human responsibility
- We trust
in the great capability of Life to industrialize and
express itself in its diversity. Humans, which are the
highest expression of Life and the dominant species on
planet Earth, has the responsibility to promote the
survival and well being of all other Life which shares
PL.400 - Human Patrimony
praise and promote the diversity of Nature in general. On
Humanity in Nature, we proclaim the value of all
cultures. The next Einstein could be born in a
bidonville! We fight for the full realization of the
PL.500 - Defense of the Scientific Research
reject the idea that Scientific and Technological
research is guilty of the environmental and ecological
problems and any assumptions which would limit progress
in these areas.
PL.600 - Refuse of irrational solutions
- We are
against the idea that Humanity can resolve the
environmental and ecological problems by diminishing
Scientifical and Technological Research
PL.700 - For an open scientific world
defend an open concept of Scientific and Technological
Research and the universal dissemination of its results.
PL.800 - The human try_error_retry methodology
- We claim
that the Scientific Method belongs to the whole of
Humanity, and not only to an elite part of it. Even an
illiterate farmer, when he experiments with different
ways to grow his plants, and takes note of the results in
his mind, applies the scientific method. The first
scientist started the Neolithic revolution!
PL.900 - Education
maintain that intelligence can and must be educated and
incremented, by all the humans. We need the help of all
the complanetaries willing to apply themselves to solve
the Humanitys problems.
PL.1000 - Equal opportunities
propose that the opportunities of Greater Earth should be
shared without exclusion.
PL.1100 - Reject of repressive practices
reject and condemn any repressive political practices
that prohibit the freedoms of expression and the rights
to life, happiness, prosperity and justice.
PL.1200 - Call for help and assistance
welcome all assistance to promote the vision and the
potential of the Greater Earth concept and the goals of
the "GreaterEarth" society.
PL.1300 - Responsibility
accept the responsibility to take the discussion and the
politics of the Greater Earth concept to the general
EARTH INITIATIVE DEFINITION ACT
Greater Earth initiative, without any other formality, is
a common, non-profit, initiative to which the Promoters
refer, and not an official society.
present definition act is not aimed, in any way, to
disable future constitutions of societies, consortia, or
associations, or anyway better defined acts, among the
promoters, in the name of the Greater Earth.
of the Greater Earth Initiative are the following
organizations and individuals:
organization, promoting of the Greater Earth, keeps on in
absolute freedom with its own initiatives. Each Promoter
is encouraged to add the reference to the GE Initiative
as an added signature, to its initiatives, i.e., in case
of a letter to newspapers:
and FamilyName, President of x Organization
x Organization promotes and subscribes to the Greater
Earth Initiative [link to the site with presentation,
Manifesto of the Greater Earth is issued on the
Technologies of Frontier's web site. All the Promoters
will link to the Greater Earth initiative Manifesto (and
other presentation pages, if any) from their home pages.
Promoter engages itself to call for signatures under the
Manifesto and to give to the Greater Earth initiative the
largest information as possible.
Promoter engages itself to call for affiliation of other
organizations and single persons to the Greater Earth
Initiative: the new affiliated are simply requested to
add a banner (supplied by the Greater Earth) to their
home page. The banner will report the sentence:
This organization subscribes to the Greater Earth
Initiative and its Manifesto.
promoters define the pursuing of a Greater Earth
independent website, as a goal to be achieved during the
first year of activity.
promoters establish that any possible future revenues of
the Greater Earth initiative (i.e. books, pubblications,
possible financial helps, etc...) cannot be exploited by
singles: the promoters must constitute at least a
consortium among the persons or among the organizations,
to manage any future business.
- All the
possible revenues will be first of all used to continue
and develop the Greater Earth initiative and/or to
promote space development projects.
Manifesto and the present Definition Act are printed on
paper, and manually signated by each Promoter.
forward to know your thought about our Manifesto and,
possibly, to receive your signature, to be added to the
list of the Greater Earth's supporters!
YOU WANT TO:
up the Greater Earth Manifesto (please specify if
we can issue your signature online)
us your comments, appreciation, criticism
contact with the Greater Earth Initiative
yourself or your Organization to sustain the
Greater Earth Initiative
in any way the Greater Earth project
Autino - President - Technologies of the Frontier (Italy) - email@example.com
Martin Smith - President - Space Age Associates (UK) - firstname.lastname@example.org
Christlein - Space Age Associates (Germany) - email@example.com
Woods - President - The OURS Foundation (CH) - firstname.lastname@example.org
Bernasconi - MCB Consultants (CH) - email@example.com
Sarmont - TriPlanetary - firstname.lastname@example.org
I am in total agreement with what you
are saying! Sign me up! You can put my name, Eagle
Sarmont, my company name TriPlanetary, or my website
address http://www.affordablespaceflight.com on your
website, what ever you think will help. Also, please
send me the advertising banner for my website as I
would like to include it along with a link to your
site. If there is anything else I can do let me know.
Sincerely, Eagle Sarmont
Bertetto (Belgique) - European Commission - Adelia.Bertetto@sdt.cec.be
Collins (Japan) - SpaceFuture, NASDA, Spacetopia - Patrick.Collins@nasda.go.jp
Dale M. Gray
(USA) - Idaho Regional Director-Historian Archaeological &
Historical Services - DaleMGray@compuserve.com
Spairani (Italia) - Technologies of the Frontier - Ivrea (Italy)-
(United Kingdom) - Space Settlers - email@example.com
Farfaletti Casali - Joint Research Centre - Ispra (Italy) - firstname.lastname@example.org
I totally agree on the relevance of
the challenging task of turning the Space and its
resources into account! [...] By my side, I'm
fighting to defend my Laboratory of Robotics. [...]
I'd like that this relevant part of the research, the
Robotics, already recognized by ESA and the whole
space research Community, had the proper reviews in
any promotional activity concerning the spreading of
Man in the Space. Sign me up among the Promoters of
the Greater Earth Initiative, and please keep me
informed on the future development!
I-21020 Ispra (VA)
the listed organizations are quoted only to specify the
affiliations of the members, and don't mean necessarily that the
organization itself subscribes to the Greater Earth